As we had the ‘villains’ in our last blog post, we couldn’t ignore the heroes. Here is a very condensed list of the top cyber security heroes from a firewall to antivirus, with their definitions.
Antivirus – Software that is designed to prevent, detect and remove viruses and other kinds of malicious software.
Encryption – A mathematical function that protects information by making it unreadable by everyone except those with the key to decode it.
Firewall – Hardware or software which uses a defined rule set to constrain network traffic to prevent unauthorised access to (or from) a network.
Patching – Applying updates to firmware or software to update, fix or improve security and/or enhance functionality.
Two-factor authentication (2FA) – an additional layer of access security with the use of two different components – something known and something the user physically possesses, to verify a user’s claimed identify. Also known as multi-factor authentication.
Whitelisting – a list of items that are granted access to certain systems or protocols. Those not on the list are not allowed in – the bouncer of cyber security.
Threat Detection – a variety of new tools emerging that not only monitor but record information in a central database and analyse it to automate responses to counter common attacks and better facilitate early threat identification.
Complex passwords – don’t make it easy for them – complex passwords 12 – 15 characters long with a mixture of capital, lower case, numbers and symbols. How can you possibly remember them yourself? Use a password manager programme.
Human vigilance – create an awareness programme for your team so they know how to keep their information safe, and how to spot suspicious activity and potential attacks.